How to apply Somatosensory Feedback to Coaching of Motor Control?


Professor of Hiroshima University, Japan

Coaching science will be understood as one of the applied sciences, which is supported from different sport sciences, such as biomechanics, physiology, psychology, kinesiology, anatomy etc. Besides some arguments of 'originality' or 'identity' of coaching science, coaching science has been understood as a science which supporting many practical fields of exercise and sport for improving 'performnance'.

Thc present lccturc will focus on 'Somatoscnsory Fcedback'in coaching of motor control.Sport biomcchanics has a stable possibility to improve performance in sport for example, to find the best motion or best skill in sport motion using video, EMG, forceplate and computer system. But still, there is a gap between laboratory (scientist) and field of coaching and training (athlete, coach and trainer). llow can we applyup-to-datc technologyto coaching and training are important issue of sport science namely in coaching science.

The simulated ski jump training has been tried first in Japan, for 'feeling' the wind effects by the athlete's 'somatosensory organs' and make understanding his best approach position and also thc best positionin flight phases. The displaycdCOPs (Center of Pressure) trajectory from the foot pressure during the approach position was given both athlete andcoach. Using the 'feeling' of the foot pressure by the athlete and also from the image of COP position during the approach position, both athlete and coach could start thc discussion for his better position.

Coaching for improving elderly gaitand fall prevention, 'somatosensory feedback' procedure has played an important role in coaching for elderly people. A new device for developing somatosensory organ for safely from falling will be introduced.

For a better teaching or coaching on skilled movement to school children, by using the techniques of 'Somatosensory Feedback' will be able to have a better sport performance as a result.